Kanjilal is a professor at the Calcutta Sanskrit College and therefore a leading scholar in Sanskrit. But if we follow the history of idolatry in India we come across two important works, the Kausitaki and the Satapatha Brahmana, dating from before B. Text and illustration show forcefully that the gods were originally corporeal beings. But how, and this question must be faced, did these gods reach the earth through the atmosphere? The Yujurveda quite clearly tells of a flying machine, which was used by the Asvins two heavenly twins. The Vimana is simply a synonym for flying machine. It occurs in the Yajurveda, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, the Bhagavata Purana, as well as in classical Indian literature. At least 20 passages in the Rig Veda hymns to the gods refer exclusively to the flying vehicle of the Asvins. This flying machine is represented as three-storeyed, triangular and three —wheeled. It could carry at least three passengers.
Archaeological, Astronomical, Historical Evidence of Ramayana
According to Uttara Kanda, Lanka was originally built by the divine architect Vishwakarma for the gods, but was seized by the brothers, Malyavan, Sumali and Mali. The brothers ruled for years and invaded the heavens. After suffering a humiliating and disastrous defeat at the hands of Lord Vishnu, the brothers were too ashamed to return to Lanka. Kubera seized control of Lanka and established the Yaksha Kingdom and his capital was guarded by rakshasas.
His half-brother Ravana, son of the sage Vishravaya and Sumali’s daughter, fought with Kubera and took Lanka from him. Ravana ruled Lanka as king of the Rakshasa Kingdom.
Genealogical links available from the Mahabharat and Puranas, Yuga calculations and some archaelogical findings also provide clues to the dating of the Ramayanic era. Also, literary references to the characters from the Ramayanic Era provide limits after which the Ramayan could not have occured.
Its evident from the facts that Sir Rama was not only an Indian legend but a global phenomenon. There can be nothing more shameful than living in India and yet denigrating one of its greatest role models. Kindly read and circulate widely on eve of the Ayodhya judgement: Nowadays, the issue of Ramsetu is highly talked about by many people.
The government filed an affidavit before the Supreme Court which clearly denies the historical existence of Shri Rama on this earth. However, the strong opposing political parties, and other Hindu activists forced that the givernment withdrew the affidavit. Some Hindu organizations like Vishwa Hindu Parishad, claim that posing questions relating to the existence of Rama cannot be simply answered by scientific or historical data.
Therefore, no government or any other party can deny the existence of Rama. Nevertheless, they were supported from unexpected quarters like the Hurriyat conference from Kashmir. Hurriayat also claimed that scientific or historical evidence is not the yardstick to judge various issues related to religion. Hence, whether Rama existed or not cannot be decided on basis of scientific or historical findings.
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Some other worthy organization’s earthquake relief efforts, among many , include: Please do what you can to help. As time progresses and the affected Nepalese cities and regions rebuild, we will update this website to the best of our ability. Located about 5 km south of Kathmandu in the Kathmandu Valley, on the southern side of the Bagmati River, Patan is one of 3 royal cities in the valley.
The others are Kathmandu and Bhaktapur. A destination for connoisseurs of fine arts, Patan is filled with wood and stone carvings, metal statues, ornate architecture, including dozens of Buddhist and Hindu temples, and over monuments.
The dating of the Ramayana and Mahabharata is a project that attracts intense debate as passionate pursuers apply new techniques to look for answers.
The history and genealogy of the Bharata and Bhrigu races is recalled, as is the birth and early life of the Kuru princes adi means first. Life at the court, Yudhishthira ‘s Rajasuya Yajna, the game of dice, the disrobing of Pandava wife Draupadi and eventual exile of the Pandavas. Includes the Bhagavad Gita in chapters 25  This is the major book of the war. Most of the great warriors on both sides are dead by the end of this book.
Also told in detail, is the pilgrimage of Balarama to the fords of the river Saraswati and the mace fight between Bhima and Duryodhana which ends the war, since Bhima kills Duryodhana by smashing him on the thighs with a mace. Only 7 warriors remain on the Pandava side and 3 on the Kaurava side. This is the longest book of the Mahabharata. Kisari Mohan Ganguli considers this Parva as a later interpolation. The world conquest by Arjuna.
The Anugita is told by Krishna to Arjuna. Vidura predeceases them and Sanjaya on Dhritarashtra’s bidding goes to live in the higher Himalayas. Historical context Further information: Bharata Khanda The historicity of the Kurukshetra War is unclear.
The Mahabharata: Wikis
The Sita of the Ramayana may have been named after a more ancient Vedic goddess Sita, who is mentioned once in the Rigveda as an earth goddess who blesses the land with good crops. In the Vedic period , she was one of the goddesses associated with fertility. A Vedic hymn Rig Veda 4: Her father Janaka had earned the sobriquet Videha due to his ability to transcend body consciousness; Sita is therefore also known as Vaidehi. Apart from Sitamarhi, Janakpur which is located in the present-day Province No.
Jan 12, · 5) Ramayana and Sage Agastya- Nilesh has proposed BCE as the date of Ramayana and he also proposed BCE as the epoch of Agastya migration to the South India (in his book The Historic Rama).
His work led to validation of BCE as the year of Mahabharata War while falsifying more than alternate claims. The book was nominated for the Lakatos award; the award is given annually by London School of Economics for a contribution to the philosophy of science. He writes extensively on ancient Indian history at his blog at https: Nilesh researches in astronomy, archeology, anthropology, quantum mechanics, economics, naturopathy, ancient narratives and philosophy.
We spoke to Nilesh Oak about his research, body of work and his run-ins with authority. How and when did you start studying and writing about ancient Indian texts and dates? I grew up hearing extreme claims about ancient Indian texts; either they had explained everything or they were full of exaggerations and had nothing to do with reality.
From Ramayana to the scriptures, it’s clear India has a long history of eating meat
The history of the Bharata race is told in detail and the parva also traces history of the Bhrigu race. The birth and early life of the Kuru princes. Life at the court, Yudhishthira’s Rajasuya Yajna, the game of dice, and the eventual exile of the Pandavas. This is the major book of the war. Most of the great warriors on both sides are dead by the end of this book. Also told in detail is the pilgrimage of Balarama to the fords of the river Saraswati and the mace fight between Bheema and Duryodhana which ends the war, since Bheema kills Duryodhana by smashing him on the thighs with a mace.
The problem of dating the Ramayana and Mahabharata is a difficult one, as the texts are syncretic and accretive.
Print Folks with infantile minds keep laying down laws for what is dharma and the true path and what is holy or unholy, says Matsyendranath the guru of Gorakhnath who laid the foundations for the Nath sect in North India , in his seminal treatise Akulveer Tantra Kaulopanishad, the shorter but even more intense treatise of the Kaul Siddhanta yes, the Kashmiri surname derives from it , goes a step further and says the only thing that is forbidden is badmouthing others lok ninda.
Real self-knowledge, adhyatma, means observing no fasting, feasting or rules thereof, and no desire for founding a sect. All are created equal and one who realises this becomes truly free mukt. The present-day political dispensation, blinded as it is by its politicised and reductive vision of things, including vegetarianism, would do well to look towards the true Indian culture foreign to its lunatic fringes, and one that they are unable to absorb. He called it shav sadhana, a term used by a tantrik sadhaka to explain to him that to gain true knowledge siddhi , one needs to find and straddle a dead body at a masan cremation ground, a spot where all lives have been reduced to ash and then meditate, shutting out everything around him.
Who was Rama – Myth or Historical Hero
Though there are several stories from the past, the two great epics i. Mahabharata and Ramayana particularly lie in between myths and reality. These beliefs are not truly wrong as many places cited in the stories still exist and there are true pieces of evidence. This was the place where Bhishma Pitamah had laid down on a bed of arrows.
Apart from c. D. Many want to believe. Basic themes in dwapar yug, the ramayana and hindu itihasa. Pradeep singh caught the point out of researchers have got on the dating of the likes of dating of using astronomy observations from the mahabharata.
This is the major book of the war. Most of the great warriors on both sides are dead by the end of this book. Also told in detail, is the pilgrimage of Balarama to the fords of the river Saraswati and the mace fight between Bhima and Duryodhana which ends the war, since Bhima kills Duryodhana by smashing him on the thighs with a mace. Only 7 warriors remain on the Pandava side and 3 on the Kaurava side. This is the longest book of the Mahabharata.
The world conquest by Arjuna. The Anugita is told by Krishna to Arjuna. Vidura predeceases them and Sanjaya on Dhritarashtra’s bidding goes to live in the higher Himalayas. Historical context Further information: Epic India The historicity of the Kurukshetra War is unclear. The setting of the epic encompasses a historical precedent in Iron Age Vedic India, wherever the Kuru kingdom was the middle of political power throughout roughly to BCE. Puranic literature presents kinship group lists related to the Mahabharatam narrative.
The proof of the Puranas is of 2 sorts.
The Mahabharata Tribes
Translations from the Katha, Prasna and Chhandogya Upanishads. Puranas The Puranas are post-Vedic texts which typically contain a complete narrative of the history of the Universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of the kings, heroes and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology and geography. There are 17 or 18 canonical Puranas, divided into three categories, each named after a deity: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
Genealogical links and archaeological findings provide clues to the dating of the Ramayana era. According to journalist and author B.R. Haran, “In no other nation and no other religion in the world, true history is so meticulously documented, supported by umpteen evidences.
The Mysterious India on Kumari Kandam is the legendary sunken continent, according to many of the ancient extant Tamil literatures and some of the Sanskrit literatures. Located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans but now sunken, this sunked continent is believed to be the connections between Africa to South India, through Madagascar. These rivers are said to have flowed in a now-submerged land.
This land was divided into 49 territories, which he names as Seven coconut territories elutenga natu , Seven Madurai territories elumaturai natu , Seven old sandy territories elumunpalai natu , Seven new sandy territories elupinpalai natu , Seven mountain territories elukunra natu , Seven eastern coastal territories elukunakarai natu and Seven dwarf-palm territories elukurumpanai natu.
All these lands, he says, together with the many-mountained land that began with KumariKollam, with forests and habitations, were submerged by the sea. According to th Kumari Kandam tradition, over a period of about just 11, years, the Pandyans, a historical dynasty of Tamil kings, formed three Tamil Sangams, in order to foster among their subjects the love of knowledge, literature and poetry.
These Sangams were the fountain head of Tamil culture and their principal concern was the perfection of the Tamil language and literature. The first two Sangams were not located in what is now South India but in antediluvian Tamil land to the south which in ancient times bore the name of Kumari Kandam, literally the Land of the Virgin or Virgin Continent.
The old Madurai was called as Southern Madurai to differentiate it with the capital city of Madurai of third Sangam , which lasted a total of years, and had members, which supposedly included some gods of the Hindu pantheon such as Siva, Kubera and Murugan.
Ramayana Sentence Examples
The history and genealogy of the Bharata and Bhrigu races is recalled, as is the birth and early life of the Kuru princes adi means first. Life at the court, Yudhishthira ‘s Rajasuya Yajna, the game of dice, the disrobing of Pandava wife Draupadi and eventual exile of the Pandavas. Includes the Bhagavad Gita in chapters 25  This is the major book of the war.
the Astronomical dating of Ramayana at around BCE, date of composition of the last Mandala of the Rig Veda around BCE, strong evidences suggesting the traditional date of BCE as the date of Mahabharata.
Among the principal works and stories that are a part of the Mahabharata are the Bhagavad Gita, the story of Damayanti, an abbreviated version of the Ramayana, and the Rishyasringa, often considered as works in their own right. Traditionally, the authorship of the Mahabharata is attributed to Vyasa. With about one hundred thousand verses, long prose passages, or about 1.
An incandescent column of smoke and flame, as bright as ten thousand suns, rose with all its splendor. It was an unknown weapon, an iron thunderbolt, a gigantic messenger of death, which reduced to ashes the entire race of the Vrishnis and the Andhakas. The corpses were so burned as to be unrecognizable.